What Are The Treatment Options For Dogs With Allergies?

Have you ever noticed your furry friend constantly scratching, sneezing, or experiencing other allergy symptoms? Just like humans, dogs can develop allergies too. But don’t worry, there are plenty of treatment options available to make your pup feel better. In this article, we will discuss some of the most common treatments for dogs with allergies, so you can be better informed about your options and help your four-legged companion find relief. So, let’s dive in and explore the world of dog allergy treatments together! Dogs, just like humans, can suffer from allergies. These allergies can be caused by a variety of factors, including certain foods, environmental irritants, or even certain medications. If your beloved furry friend has been diagnosed with allergies, it’s important to understand the treatment options available to provide them with relief and improve their quality of life. This article will outline the various treatment options for dogs with allergies, including medications, allergen-specific immunotherapy, topical treatments, dietary management, avoidance of allergens, hyposensitization, alternative therapies, supportive care, and behavioral management.

What Are The Treatment Options For Dogs With Allergies?


When it comes to treating allergies in dogs, medications can play a crucial role in providing relief from symptoms. There are several types of medications that can be prescribed by a veterinarian to help manage allergies in dogs.


Antihistamines are commonly used to treat allergies in both humans and dogs. These medications work by blocking the effects of histamine, a compound that is released during an allergic reaction. Antihistamines can help reduce itching, inflammation, and other symptoms associated with allergies in dogs.


Steroids, such as prednisone, are often prescribed to dogs with severe allergies or acute allergic reactions. These medications are powerful anti-inflammatory drugs that can help alleviate symptoms quickly. However, long-term use of steroids should be avoided due to potential side effects.

Immunosuppressive drugs

In some cases, dogs with severe allergies may be prescribed immunosuppressive drugs like cyclosporine or tacrolimus. These medications work by suppressing the immune system’s response to allergens, thus reducing allergic symptoms. However, like steroids, these drugs should be used with caution and under the guidance of a veterinarian.

Allergen-specific immunotherapy

Allergen-specific immunotherapy, also known as allergy shots, is a long-term treatment option that aims to desensitize dogs to specific allergens. This treatment involves injecting small amounts of the allergen into the dog’s body over time, gradually increasing the dosage. The goal is to help the dog’s immune system build tolerance to the allergen, reducing the severity of allergic reactions.

Subcutaneous immunotherapy

Subcutaneous immunotherapy involves injecting the allergen under the dog’s skin. This treatment is typically administered by a veterinarian and requires regular visits over a period of several months or years. Subcutaneous immunotherapy can be highly effective in reducing allergy symptoms in dogs, but it requires commitment and patience.

Sublingual immunotherapy

Sublingual immunotherapy is an alternative to subcutaneous immunotherapy. Instead of injections, this treatment involves placing drops of the allergen under the dog’s tongue. This method is generally less invasive and can be administered at home. However, its effectiveness may vary from dog to dog, and it may take longer to see results compared to subcutaneous immunotherapy.

What Are The Treatment Options For Dogs With Allergies?

Topical Treatments

Topical treatments can provide immediate relief for dogs with allergies. These treatments are applied directly to the affected areas and can help alleviate itching, inflammation, and other symptoms.

Medicated shampoos

Medicated shampoos containing ingredients like oatmeal, aloe vera, or hydrocortisone can help soothe itchiness and calm irritated skin in dogs with allergies. These shampoos are formulated to be gentle on the dog’s skin while effectively cleansing and moisturizing it.

Topical creams or ointments

If your dog has specific areas of skin that are affected by allergies, your veterinarian may recommend topical creams or ointments. These products can provide targeted relief by reducing inflammation and itching. They should be applied as directed by your veterinarian to ensure proper use and effectiveness.

Dietary Management

Dietary management is another important aspect of treating allergies in dogs. Certain foods can trigger allergic reactions in sensitive dogs, so it’s important to identify and eliminate these allergens from their diet.

Hypoallergenic diet

A hypoallergenic diet is formulated to minimize the risk of triggering allergic reactions in dogs. These diets are made with limited ingredients and novel protein sources that are less likely to cause allergies. Switching your dog to a hypoallergenic diet can help identify and eliminate potential food allergens.

Limited ingredient diet

A limited ingredient diet is similar to a hypoallergenic diet, but with a narrower range of ingredients. This type of diet is often recommended for dogs with known food allergies. By providing a limited number of ingredients, it becomes easier to identify specific allergens and avoid them.

What Are The Treatment Options For Dogs With Allergies?

Avoidance of Allergens

Avoiding allergens is a crucial part of managing allergies in dogs. By identifying and eliminating triggers, you can help reduce the frequency and severity of allergic reactions.

Identifying and avoiding triggers

Identifying the specific allergens that trigger your dog’s allergies can be challenging. However, with the help of a veterinarian, you can perform allergy testing to pinpoint these triggers. Once identified, it’s important to take steps to avoid exposure to these allergens. This may involve changing your dog’s environment, limiting outdoor activities during peak allergy seasons, or using air purifiers to remove allergens from the air.

Cleaning and air purifiers

Regular cleaning of your home, especially areas where your dog spends a lot of time, can help reduce allergens in the environment. Vacuuming, dusting, and washing bedding regularly can help remove allergens from surfaces. Additionally, using air purifiers equipped with HEPA filters can help remove allergens from the air, providing a cleaner and allergen-free environment for your dog.


Hyposensitization, also known as allergen-specific immunotherapy, is a treatment option that aims to build tolerance to allergens over time. This treatment involves gradually exposing your dog to increasing amounts of the allergen, allowing their immune system to become less reactive.

Gradual exposure to allergens

Hyposensitization involves exposing your dog to the allergen in small doses, starting with a very dilute concentration. Over time, the concentration of the allergen is increased, helping the dog’s immune system build tolerance. This process can take several months or even years to complete, but it can provide long-lasting relief from allergies.

Building tolerance to allergens

The goal of hyposensitization is to help your dog’s immune system develop a more tolerant response to allergens. By gradually exposing your dog to increasing amounts of the allergen, their immune system can learn to recognize it as harmless and reduce the severity of allergic reactions.

Alternative Therapies

In addition to conventional treatments, there are alternative therapies that some dog owners choose to explore for managing allergies.


Acupuncture is a form of traditional Chinese medicine that involves inserting fine needles into specific points on the body to stimulate natural healing. Some dog owners have reported positive results in managing allergies through acupuncture. However, it’s important to consult with a certified veterinary acupuncturist before pursuing this treatment option.

Herbal remedies

Certain herbal remedies, such as chamomile or nettle, are believed to have anti-inflammatory and antihistamine properties that can help alleviate allergy symptoms in dogs. However, it’s important to consult with a veterinarian before using any herbal remedies to ensure they are safe and effective for your dog.

Supportive Care

Supportive care involves providing your dog with proper skin and ear care to alleviate symptoms and prevent secondary infections.

Skin care

Regular skin care is crucial for dogs with allergies. This may include regularly bathing your dog with a gentle, hypoallergenic shampoo, moisturizing their skin with an appropriate lotion or spray, and keeping them clean and dry to prevent further irritation.

Regular bathing

Bathing your dog regularly can help remove allergens from their skin and coat, providing immediate relief from itching and reducing the risk of allergies. However, it’s important to use a shampoo that is specifically formulated for dogs with sensitive skin to avoid further irritation.

Ear cleaning

Dogs with allergies are prone to ear infections, so regular ear cleaning is essential. This involves gently wiping the ears with a veterinarian-recommended ear cleaning solution to remove dirt, wax, and allergens.

Behavioral Management

Managing your dog’s environment and reducing stress can also play a role in alleviating allergies.

Reducing stress

Stress can worsen allergy symptoms in dogs. Providing a calm and stress-free environment can help reduce the severity of allergic reactions. This may involve creating a safe and quiet space for your dog, using calming aids such as pheromone diffusers, or engaging in activities that promote relaxation.

Creating a safe environment

Creating a safe environment for your dog involves minimizing exposure to allergens and potential triggers. This may include keeping your home clean, using hypoallergenic bedding and toys, and avoiding exposure to environmental irritants like cigarette smoke or strong chemicals.


Proper treatment is crucial for dogs with allergies to provide them with relief from symptoms and improve their quality of life. The treatment options outlined in this article, including medications, allergen-specific immunotherapy, topical treatments, dietary management, avoidance of allergens, hyposensitization, alternative therapies, supportive care, and behavioral management, offer various approaches that can be tailored to suit the individual needs of your dog. By working closely with a veterinarian, you can develop a comprehensive treatment plan to help manage your dog’s allergies effectively and provide them with the best possible care. Remember, your furry friend relies on you to be their advocate and ensure they receive the treatment and support they need to live a happy and comfortable life.

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